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Championing an Auckland free from alcohol-related harm.

ARPHS aims to improve the health and wellbeing for all people by minimising alcohol related harm in our region. We do this through a range of regulatory and health promotion activities including ensuring compliance with the law, involvement with alcohol-related policy and submissions, working to reduce the number of alcohol outlets, and collecting information on the impact of alcohol-related harm on our population.

The personal and social costs of alcohol harm are far reaching – affecting the drinker, their whānau and others in the community.

It is immediate – crime, violence, accidents and injury, traffic crashes, and suicides.

It is long-term – addiction, mental health problems, diseases like cancer, stroke and cirrhosis, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

  • Alcohol is the fourth largest risk factor for health loss in New Zealand after obesity, smoking and high blood pressure (Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2017). 
  • New Zealanders have high rates of hazardous drinking. In the past year, one in five adults has been drinking in a way that could harm themselves or others (Ministry of Health, 2017).
  • Māori, Pacific men, youth (aged 18-24) and those living in lower socio-economic areas are more likely to have high rates of hazardous drinking (Ministry of Health, 2017).
  • Auckland has higher levels of alcohol-related harm than the rest of New Zealand. Rates of wholly alcohol-attributable hospitalisations are 7% higher in Auckland than the rest of the country (Alcohol Healthwatch, 2015).
  • Auckland has a higher rate of late night assaults. Between midnight and 3.59am, the Auckland rate is 38% higher than the national rate, and the city's assault rate from 4am to 6.59am rate is 41% higher (Huckle, 2016).
  • Alcohol-related harm in New Zealand is estimated to cost $5.3 billion per year (Slack et al, 2009).
  • Changing the debate – the prevailing view is that alcohol-related harm is limited to a small number of people who will drink anyway, regardless of the availability of alcohol. We use evidence to influence decision makers and the public that we can (and should) reduce the impact of alcohol across our population - violence, accidents, suicides, addiction, death and disability from alcohol related diseases. Our focus is to show that tighter controls on how alcohol is sold – promotion, hours, numbers of outlets and price – is key to reducing the personal and social costs.
  • Policy, legislation and planning – influencing the people who make decisions on alcohol policy and ensuring this reflects current evidence on alcohol and alcohol-related harm. Our focus is on reducing the risks for those experiencing the highest impact of alcohol-related harm, such as Māori, Pacific, young people and those living in lower socio-economic areas, in order to achieve equitable health outcomes.
  • Leadership, collaboration, and communication – working collaboratively with key stakeholders, such as the Council, District Health Boards, Alcohol Healthwatch, Hāpai te Hauora, Health Promotion Agency, NZ Police, and other organisations in the Auckland region. This collaborative approach aims to reduce alcohol-related harm, strengthen relationships and foster leadership amongst communities.
  • Data collection, monitoring and surveillance systems – collecting data to identify how we could reduce alcohol-related harm in our neighbourhoods.
  • Implementation and compliance of the Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012
    ARPHS is one of three enforcement agencies involved in the alcohol licensing application process for the metro-Auckland region (Tāmaki Makaurau). The Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012 requires the Medical Officer of Health, Council and New Zealand Police to report on all alcohol licence applications.

The personal and social costs of alcohol harm are far reaching – affecting the drinker, their whānau and others in the community.

It is immediate – crime, violence, accidents and injury, traffic crashes, and suicides.

It is long-term – addiction, mental health problems, diseases like cancer, stroke and cirrhosis, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

  • Alcohol is the fourth largest risk factor for health loss in New Zealand after obesity, smoking and high blood pressure (Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2017). 
  • New Zealanders have high rates of hazardous drinking. In the past year, one in five adults has been drinking in a way that could harm themselves or others (Ministry of Health, 2017).
  • Māori, Pacific men, youth (aged 18-24) and those living in lower socio-economic areas are more likely to have high rates of hazardous drinking (Ministry of Health, 2017).
  • Auckland has higher levels of alcohol-related harm than the rest of New Zealand. Rates of wholly alcohol-attributable hospitalisations are 7% higher in Auckland than the rest of the country (Alcohol Healthwatch, 2015).
  • Auckland has a higher rate of late night assaults. Between midnight and 3.59am, the Auckland rate is 38% higher than the national rate, and the city's assault rate from 4am to 6.59am rate is 41% higher (Huckle, 2016).
  • Alcohol-related harm in New Zealand is estimated to cost $5.3 billion per year (Slack et al, 2009).
  • Changing the debate – the prevailing view is that alcohol-related harm is limited to a small number of people who will drink anyway, regardless of the availability of alcohol. We use evidence to influence decision makers and the public that we can (and should) reduce the impact of alcohol across our population - violence, accidents, suicides, addiction, death and disability from alcohol related diseases. Our focus is to show that tighter controls on how alcohol is sold – promotion, hours, numbers of outlets and price – is key to reducing the personal and social costs.
  • Policy, legislation and planning – influencing the people who make decisions on alcohol policy and ensuring this reflects current evidence on alcohol and alcohol-related harm. Our focus is on reducing the risks for those experiencing the highest impact of alcohol-related harm, such as Māori, Pacific, young people and those living in lower socio-economic areas, in order to achieve equitable health outcomes.
  • Leadership, collaboration, and communication – working collaboratively with key stakeholders, such as the Council, District Health Boards, Alcohol Healthwatch, Hāpai te Hauora, Health Promotion Agency, NZ Police, and other organisations in the Auckland region. This collaborative approach aims to reduce alcohol-related harm, strengthen relationships and foster leadership amongst communities.
  • Data collection, monitoring and surveillance systems – collecting data to identify how we could reduce alcohol-related harm in our neighbourhoods.
  • Implementation and compliance of the Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012
    ARPHS is one of three enforcement agencies involved in the alcohol licensing application process for the metro-Auckland region (Tāmaki Makaurau). The Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012 requires the Medical Officer of Health, Council and New Zealand Police to report on all alcohol licence applications.

Policies

ARPHS has a statutory role in ensuring that the harms from excessive alcohol consumption are minimised in Auckland.

The Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012 (SaSAA)

The sale of alcohol in New Zealand is controlled by The Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act (SaSAA) 2012. Its aim is to ensure the safe and responsible sale, supply, and consumption of alcohol, and to reduce the harm caused by excessive or inappropriate alcohol use.

This law also aims to give local communities a greater say in how and where alcohol is sold. This means that communities can object to new licences, but the process is challenging in practice. Members of the public must provide written evidence and take time off work to present this and answer questions. This daunting and time-consuming process is often a barrier for people wanting to have their say.

Many Aucklanders believe it is too easy to buy alcohol and there are too many places selling it. ARPHS would like to see a limit on the number of outlets, as more outlets in a neighbourhood leads to greater harm.

Competition leads to alcohol promotion and lower prices, longer opening hours, higher sales and consumption, and therefore more harm from alcohol such as hospital admissions and late night assaults.

The SaSAA also empowers councils to develop stronger alcohol regulation through a Local Alcohol Policy (LAP) in consultation with communities, as explained in the LAP section below.

Have your say for community objections to alcohol licences

 

A Local Alcohol Policy  (LAP)

A Local Alcohol Policy (LAP) is a set of decisions made by a local authority in consultation with its community about the sale and supply of alcohol in its geographical area.

A Local Alcohol Policy (LAP) can influence:

  • where new alcohol licences are allowed to establish;
  • how many new alcohol licences are allowed;
  • when bars, restaurants and nightclubs can be open;
  • when bottle shops and supermarkets can sell alcohol; and
  • when clubs (e.g. sports clubs, RSAs) can sell alcohol.

Once in place, a LAP will place greater controls on when, where and how alcohol is sold across the region.

LAPs can also set out conditions that can be applied to alcohol licences to improve industry standards and promote safe and responsible sale and supply of alcohol.

For more information, visit Auckland Council's page

 

The Local Alcohol Policy in the Auckland Region

Auckland’s LAP has been appealed and is currently not in place

Auckland Council developed a Local Alcohol Policy (LAP) in 2014 in consultation with Police and health agencies, and this was adopted as a Provisional LAP (PLAP) in 2015.

While ARPHS supported the majority of provisions in the PLAP, the service worked in collaboration with NZ Police and Alcohol Healthwatch to appeal some elements in 2017. The focus of ARPHS’ appeal included strengthening the proposed closing time for bars and pubs (on licences) and including more suburbs in the Priority Overlay Areas which provide extra protections.

ARPHS provided evidence of the significant alcohol-related harm in Auckland, and that it could be reduced by limiting the availability of alcohol overall.

In July 2017, the Alcohol Regulatory and Licensing Authority (The Authority) issued its decision on appeals made against the PLAP.

The Authority upheld the majority of the PLAP but asked the Council to reconsider a small number of clauses. The Council made decisions to amend its policy, which was resubmitted to the Authority in October 2017.

Appeals against the resubmitted PLAP have now been lodged by Progressive Enterprises, Foodstuffs and a licensed premise, and a second legal process is also occurring - a judicial review of proceedings. These proceedings will be heard by the High Court during the week beginning 11 February 2019.

ARPHS continues to support Council so that it arrives at a reasonable and effective LAP that protects communities with stronger rules around opening hours, location and number of outlets.

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